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新冠疫情让这个阶层受益最大

新冠疫情让这个阶层受益最大

Christiaan Hetzner 2022-05-29
对于世界新兴的亿万富翁阶层来说,这场新冠疫情可能带来“有史以来最好的时代”之一。

世界上最有权势的人前往达沃斯参加世界经济论坛(World Economic Forum),而贫富差距日益扩大,成为危险的鸿沟。

据乐施会(Oxfam)估计,由于各国央行释放了大量低息贷款,推高了股市价格,在过去两年中,亿万富翁的诞生速度为每30小时一个。

这个致力于与全球贫困和饥饿作斗争的倡导组织认为,世界亿万富翁的财富总和现在达到12.7万亿美元,相当于全球GDP的13.9%,比2000年增加了三倍,当时仅占4.4%。

乐施会于5月23日发表的一项研究报告中总结道:“在新冠疫情期间,他们的财富达到了前所未有的令人眩晕的高度。这场新冠疫情——对大多数人来说充满了悲伤和混乱——对于亿万富翁阶层来说,却带来有史以来最好的时代之一。”

据该非政府组织称,世界上最富有的人的财富在过去24个月内的增长与23年来的增长一样多。现在,全球最底层生活的人口将不得不辛勤工作112年,才能够赚取世界上最富有的1%的人口在短短12个月内所赚取的财富。

与此同时,通货膨胀引发了世界各地贫困人口和工人阶级的生活费用危机。乐施会估计,今年将有2.63亿人陷入“极端贫困”。

该组织写道:“在世界范围内,各个层面的不平等现象都在飙升。”该组织引用了财富、收入、种族、健康和性别不公正等指标。“这种不平等是致命的,导致每四秒钟至少有一个人死亡。”

对财富和利润征收暴利税

乐施会特别指出,嘉吉(Cargill)家族从过去一年全球食品价格上涨30%中获利。据乐施会称,该家族现有12名成员是亿万富翁,这个数字自新冠疫情以来已经增加了一半。

乐施会写道:“嘉吉家族,连同其他三家公司,控制了全球农业市场的70%。”

嘉吉家族没有立即回应《财富》杂志的置评请求。

乐施会主张对企业利润征收财富税和一次性关税,然后用于保护世界各地的普通民众,从而减少不平等现象和由此带来的痛苦。

据乐施会称,仅对世界前10名最富有的人与新冠疫情相关的财富收益征收暴利税就足以为全世界生产所需疫苗。

该组织补充说,埃隆·马斯克的净资产增长了8倍,使他成为世界上最富有的人。据估计,他即使失去99%的财富,仍然可以位居世界上最富有的0.0001%人口之列。自2020年以来,亚马逊公司(Amazon)的杰夫·贝佐斯的财富飙升了450亿美元。

由于不断扩大的贫富差距,一些经济学家将当今社会与一百年前咆哮的20世纪20年代时期的社会联系在一起。恶性通货膨胀等创伤性事件袭击了魏玛德国(Weimar Germany),破坏了社会结构,最终以法西斯主义的崛起而告终。

乐施会警告说:“各国政府现在必须采取行动来控制极端财富。这场新冠疫情向我们表明,坚持实施过去被操纵的政策只会带来更多的灾难。”(财富中文网)

译者:中慧言-王芳

世界上最有权势的人前往达沃斯参加世界经济论坛(World Economic Forum),而贫富差距日益扩大,成为危险的鸿沟。

据乐施会(Oxfam)估计,由于各国央行释放了大量低息贷款,推高了股市价格,在过去两年中,亿万富翁的诞生速度为每30小时一个。

这个致力于与全球贫困和饥饿作斗争的倡导组织认为,世界亿万富翁的财富总和现在达到12.7万亿美元,相当于全球GDP的13.9%,比2000年增加了三倍,当时仅占4.4%。

乐施会于5月23日发表的一项研究报告中总结道:“在新冠疫情期间,他们的财富达到了前所未有的令人眩晕的高度。这场新冠疫情——对大多数人来说充满了悲伤和混乱——对于亿万富翁阶层来说,却带来有史以来最好的时代之一。”

据该非政府组织称,世界上最富有的人的财富在过去24个月内的增长与23年来的增长一样多。现在,全球最底层生活的人口将不得不辛勤工作112年,才能够赚取世界上最富有的1%的人口在短短12个月内所赚取的财富。

与此同时,通货膨胀引发了世界各地贫困人口和工人阶级的生活费用危机。乐施会估计,今年将有2.63亿人陷入“极端贫困”。

该组织写道:“在世界范围内,各个层面的不平等现象都在飙升。”该组织引用了财富、收入、种族、健康和性别不公正等指标。“这种不平等是致命的,导致每四秒钟至少有一个人死亡。”

对财富和利润征收暴利税

乐施会特别指出,嘉吉(Cargill)家族从过去一年全球食品价格上涨30%中获利。据乐施会称,该家族现有12名成员是亿万富翁,这个数字自新冠疫情以来已经增加了一半。

乐施会写道:“嘉吉家族,连同其他三家公司,控制了全球农业市场的70%。”

嘉吉家族没有立即回应《财富》杂志的置评请求。

乐施会主张对企业利润征收财富税和一次性关税,然后用于保护世界各地的普通民众,从而减少不平等现象和由此带来的痛苦。

据乐施会称,仅对世界前10名最富有的人与新冠疫情相关的财富收益征收暴利税就足以为全世界生产所需疫苗。

该组织补充说,埃隆·马斯克的净资产增长了8倍,使他成为世界上最富有的人。据估计,他即使失去99%的财富,仍然可以位居世界上最富有的0.0001%人口之列。自2020年以来,亚马逊公司(Amazon)的杰夫·贝佐斯的财富飙升了450亿美元。

由于不断扩大的贫富差距,一些经济学家将当今社会与一百年前咆哮的20世纪20年代时期的社会联系在一起。恶性通货膨胀等创伤性事件袭击了魏玛德国(Weimar Germany),破坏了社会结构,最终以法西斯主义的崛起而告终。

乐施会警告说:“各国政府现在必须采取行动来控制极端财富。这场新冠疫情向我们表明,坚持实施过去被操纵的政策只会带来更多的灾难。”(财富中文网)

译者:中慧言-王芳

As the world’s most powerful people embark on their pilgrimage to Davos for the World Economic Forum, the gap between rich and poor has widened into a dangerous chasm.

Thanks to central banks unleashing a tsunami of easy money that inflated equity market prices, billionaires were minted at a rate of one every 30 hours during the past two years, according to estimates by Oxfam.

The advocacy group devoted to fighting global poverty and hunger argued the combined wealth of the world's billionaires now stands at $12.7 trillion, equivalent to 13.9% of global GDP and a three-fold increase over 2000 when it stood at just 4.4%.

“During the COVID-19 pandemic their mountain of wealth has reached unprecedented and dizzying heights,” concluded Oxfam in a study published on May 23. “The pandemic—full of sorrow and disruption for most of humanity—has been one of the best times in recorded history for the billionaire class.”

According to the non-governmental organization, the fortunes of the world's richest people increased as much in the span of 24 months as they did in 23 years. Now the bottom half of the global population would have to toil for an estimated 112 years to earn what the top 1% now rake in over just 12 months.

Meanwhile inflation has sparked a cost-of-living crisis for the poor and working class across the world. Oxfam estimates 263 million people could be pushed into “extreme levels of poverty” this year.

"Across the world, each and every dimension of inequality has skyrocketed," the organization wrote, citing metrics like wealth, income, racial, health and gender injustice. "This is inequality that kills, contributing to the death of at least one person every four seconds."

Windfall taxes on wealth, profits

Oxfam singled out the the Cargill family as profiting from what they estimate is a 30% increase in global food prices over the past year. The family now has 12 members who are billionaires, according to Oxfam, a number that has risen by half since the pandemic.

“The Cargill family, along with just three other companies, controls 70% of the global agricultural market,” Oxfam wrote.

Cargill did not immediately respond to Fortune's request for comment.

Oxfam advocates for a wealth tax and one-time duties imposed on corporate profits that could then be used to protect ordinary people across the world and reduce inequality and suffering.

A windfall tax on the pandemic-related wealth gains of the 10 richest men alone would be enough to make vaccines for the entire world, according to Oxfam.

The organization added that the net worth of Elon Musk rose eightfold, making him the world's richest man. It estimated he could lose 99% of his wealth and still be in the top 0.0001% of the world’s richest people. And Amazon's Jeff Bezos saw his wealth soar by $45 billion since 2020.

Due to the ever-widening wealth gap, some economists have likened society to a hundred years ago during the roaring 20s. Traumatic events like hyperinflation that hit Weimar Germany and destroyed the social fabric ultimately ended in the rise of fascism.

“Governments must act now to rein in extreme wealth," Oxfam warned. "The pandemic has shown us that sticking to the rigged policies of yesterday is a recipe only for more catastrophe.”

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